New Wage Code Deferred – No changes to salary structure yet

New Wage Code Deferred – No changes to salary structure yet

Legal & Compliance

Vakilsearch Staff

Vakilsearch Staff

22 Apr 2021, 16:50 — 5 min read

With the start of the new financial year, the government has announced that the new wage code affecting employees’ take-home salary and outgoing PF will not be coming into effect from 1 April 2021, as expected earlier.

According to a senior labour ministry official, India’s new salary rules are not coming into effect from today as it has been deferred. The new wage was expected to bring changes to the existing salary structures of most of the employees.

 

List of deferred codes

The four labour codes which are not going to be implemented starting 1 April 2021 are:

  1. Wage code
  2. Social security code
  3. Industrial relations code and
  4. Code on occupational safety, health and working conditions

The above-given codes will not come into effect from 1 April as states are yet to finalise the rules, which means that there will be no changes in take-home pay and provident fund liability of companies.

‘Since the states have not finalized the rules under the four codes, the implementation of the laws is deferred for time being’. Few states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Uttarakhand have, however, already circulated the drafted rules.

 

Also read: Will India's new Labour Codes boost SME businesses?

 

What Is a Wage Code?

The word wages refers to ‘all remuneration’ given to an employee. The wage code was passed in December 2019 and, according to the code, the wages will be split into three sections: basic pay, dearness allowance and retention payment.

 

Points Included in the New-Wage Code

  • The draft rules on the wage code talk about keeping the basic pay at 50% or more of an employee’s total pay.
  • It also talks about the employee’s take-home salary being reduced, as the net contribution towards an employee’s PF will increase.
  • As a result, lower in-hand compensation would result from a higher PF contribution.
  • The new wage code also allows for employees’ leave encashment.
  • According to the new wage code, companies will have to rearrange the salary structure of their employees.
  • The draft rules provide flexibility to companies to provide a four-day week to employees. However, the working hours cannot go beyond 48 hours.
  • The companies who decide to offer a four-day week will have to provide three consecutive off days.

 

Salary Changes in the New Wage Code

  1. Basic Pay
  2. Provident Fund
  3. Gratuity
  4. Impact on Taxes

Basic Pay

The new wage code specifies that minimum wages must account for half of an employee’s CTC. According to the new draft, the allowance part of the total salary cannot exceed 50% of the total salary, which means that the basic salary must be 50%.


Provident Fund

Previously, the PF was based on an employee’s basic salary. But now the employer and employee’s contributions will be based on half of the CTC. Therefore, your PF contribution will be increased, but your take-home pay will get decreased.

 

Also read: New PF tax rules from April: How will it impact you?


Gratuity

Gratuity will also be adjusted according to the new wage code. Further, gratuity is the amount of money accumulated for you at the completion of a final and permanent work term. Even after a year of service, the employee is authorized to a gratuity.


Impact on Taxes

Employees with a higher salary would pay more tax because the tax planning option is limited to 50% of the CTC, whereas the lower-salaried employees would be protected by higher retirement contributions and lower taxes.

This delay comes as a big relief for Indian companies as it will give more time to companies to rework the employee’s salary structure and other HR policies. Once the wages code comes into force, the biggest change in the salary slip will be the way of calculation of basic pay and PF of employees.


Conclusion

The government wanted to ensure that millions of workers’ retirement plans were safe. Thus, the new wage code was announced. The new wage code provides the workers with greater stability and assurance. Once the wage code is implemented and your company restructures the salary provisions, you can consult with us to understand the pay structure better and then plan your investments accordingly.

 

To explore business opportunities, link with us by clicking on the 'Connect' button on our eBiz Card.

 

Image source: shutterstock.com
 

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views, official policy or position of GlobalLinker.

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